Sufism and Psychiatry by Arthur Deikman

Sufism is a science whose boundaries contain modern psychology but go beyond it.

Psychiatrists need to recognize that their patients’ psychological distress stems from three levels: a) from conflicts of wishes, fears, and fantasies; b) from an absence of perceived meaning; and c) from a frustration of the need to progress in an evolutionary sense, as individuals and as a race. The first level is the domain in which psychiatry functions. The second and third levels require a science appropriate to the task. The special knowledge of the Sufis may enable us to put together materials already at hand: our present knowledge of psychodynamics, our system of universal education, our technology, our resources, and our free society, to create the conditions that will permit the development of man’s full capacities, as yet unrealized.



The written manuscript can be seen on:


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